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International Journal of Nursing Research. 2020; 2: (2) 15; DOI: 10.26855/j.ijnr.20200031.

Clinical analysis and prevention of neonatal pneumonia
新生儿肺炎的临床分析及预防

作者: 杨雪菲*

云南新昆华医院

*通讯作者:杨雪菲,单位:云南新昆华医院;

引用本文: 杨雪菲. 新生儿肺炎的临床分析及预防[J]. 国际护理学研究, 2020, 2(2) : 118-120.
Published: 2020-03-24

摘要

目的:研究新生儿肺炎患儿的临床状况与预防方案。方法:参与此次研究的患儿共有108例,主要是选取的我院2019年1月~2019年9月期间收治的新生儿肺炎患儿,需要研究人员将该部分患儿分为对照组(54例)与观察组(54例),对照组新生儿肺炎患儿需要运用常规管理方法,而观察组肺炎患儿需要采用预防管理对策,研究期间需要管理人员做好记录工作,对比两组患儿治疗有效率、症状缓解时间、啰音消失时间以及住院天数等。结果:观察组新生儿肺炎患儿采用预防管理对策后症状缓解时间为(28.18±2.64)h、啰音消失时间(6.79±2.07)d,而对照组新生儿肺炎患儿采用常规管理方法症状缓解时间为(52.69±3.58)h、啰音消失时间(8.97±1.56)d,观察组患儿所用时间低于对照组,数据对比差异显著,具有实际统计意义(P<0.05)。此外,观察组新生儿肺炎患儿治疗有效率为95.78%,相较于对照组新生儿肺炎患儿治疗有效率78.56%高,研究数据差异较大,具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:针对新生儿肺炎患儿运用预防管理对策可以有效提升治疗有效率,缩短症状缓解时间、啰音消失时间,降低死亡率,具有较高临床推广价值。

关键词: 新生儿肺炎;预防管理对策;结果

Abstract

Objective: To study the clinical status and prevention of neonatal pneumonia in children.
Methods: A total of 108 children participated in the study, mainly selected neonatal pneumonia children treated in our hospital from January 2019 to September 2019. Researchers are required to divide these children into a control group (54 cases) and observation group (54 cases), the control group of neonatal pneumonia children need to use conventional management methods, while the observation group of children with pneumonia need to adopt preventive management strategies, during the study period, managers need to do a good job of recording, comparing the two groups of patients. The treatment efficiency of children, the time of symptom relief, the time of disappearance of snoring, and the length of hospital stay.
Results: The observation group's symptom relief time was (28.18 ± 2.64) h and the snoring time was (6.79 ± 2.07) days after the prevention and management measures were adopted in the neonatal pneumonia patients in the observation group, while the symptom relief was achieved in the control group using conventional management methods. The time was (52.69 ± 3.58) hours, and the snoring time was (8.97 ± 1.56) days. The time taken by the children in the observation group was lower than that in the control group. The difference in the data was significant and had practical statistical significance (P <0.05). In addition, the effective rate of treatment for neonatal pneumonia in the observation group was 95.78%, which was 78.56% higher than that in the control group for neonatal pneumonia. The study data were significantly different and statistically significant (P <0.05).
Conclusion  : The application of preventive management strategies for neonatal pneumonia can effectively improve the treatment efficiency, shorten the time for symptom relief, the time for snoring to disappear, and reduce the mortality rate, which has high clinical promotion value.

Key words: Neonatal Pneumonia; Preventive Management Measures; Results

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